In Laravel, you can use the sum query to calculate the sum of a specific column in a database table. To use the sum query, you can use the `sum()`

method on a query builder instance. For example, if you have a `Product`

model and you want to calculate the total price of all products, you can use the following code:

```
1
``` |
```
$totalPrice = Product::sum('price');
``` |

This will return the total sum of the `price`

column in the `products`

table. You can also add conditions to the query to filter the results before calculating the sum. For example, if you only want to calculate the sum of prices for products that are in stock, you can do the following:

```
1
``` |
```
$totalPriceInStock = Product::where('in_stock', true)->sum('price');
``` |

This will calculate the sum of prices for products that have the `in_stock`

column set to `true`

. Using the sum query can be a convenient way to calculate totals or averages of numeric columns in your database tables.

## What is the syntax for sum query in Laravel?

To perform a sum query in Laravel, you can use the `sum`

method in the Eloquent query builder. Here is the syntax for a sum query in Laravel:

```
1
``` |
```
$sum = Model::where('column', 'condition')->sum('column_name');
``` |

In this syntax:

**Model**: This represents the name of the Eloquent model you are querying.**where()**: This is an optional method that allows you to apply a condition to filter the results.**'column' and 'condition'**: These represent the column name and the condition for filtering the results (optional).**sum()**: This is the method used to perform the sum query.**'column_name'**: This is the name of the column you want to calculate the sum on.

For example, if you have a `Product`

model and you want to get the total sum of the `price`

column where the `category`

is 'electronics', the syntax would be:

```
1
``` |
```
$totalPrice = Product::where('category', 'electronics')->sum('price');
``` |

## How to store the result of a sum query in a variable in Laravel?

In Laravel, you can store the result of a sum query in a variable by using the `DB`

facade's `selectRaw`

method and the `first`

method to fetch the result. Here's an example:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 |
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\DB; $sum = DB::table('your_table_name') ->selectRaw('SUM(your_column) as total_sum') ->first()->total_sum; // Now $sum variable will contain the result of the sum query |

Replace `'your_table_name'`

with the name of your database table and `'your_column'`

with the column you want to sum. The `selectRaw`

method allows you to run a raw SQL query to calculate the sum. The `first`

method fetches the first result of the query and then you can access the sum using `->total_sum`

.

You can now use the `$sum`

variable to access the total sum of the column in your table.

## What is the role of Eloquent models in sum queries in Laravel?

In Laravel, Eloquent models play a crucial role in performing sum queries. Eloquent provides an easy and expressive way to interact with the database by using models to represent database tables.

When performing sum queries, Eloquent models allow you to use the `sum()`

method to retrieve the sum of a specific column in a database table. This method takes the column name as an argument and calculates the sum of all the values in that column.

For example, to retrieve the sum of the 'price' column from a 'products' table, you can do so with the following code:

```
1
``` |
```
$sum = Product::sum('price');
``` |

This code will fetch the sum of all values in the 'price' column of the 'products' table using the Product model. Eloquent will generate the necessary SQL query under the hood to fetch this data from the database.

Overall, Eloquent models simplify the process of performing sum queries in Laravel by providing an intuitive way to interact with the database tables.